Übersetzungen für rowan tree im Englisch» Deutsch-Wörterbuch von PONS Online:Vogelbeerbaum. Übersetzungen für rowan tree im Englisch» Deutsch-Wörterbuch von PONS Online:Vogelbeerbaum. Übersetzung im Kontext von „strawberry tree“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso and refreshing berry wines, served at a terrace under a beautiful rowan tree.
In the Canadian provinces of Newfoundland and Labrador and Nova Scotia , this species is commonly referred to as a "dogberry" tree.
The latter is a compound of the name of the ash tree Esche with what is contemporarily the name of the boar Eber , but in fact the continuation of a Gaulish name, eburo- also the name for a dark reddish-brown colour, cognate with Greek orphnos , Old Norse iarpr "brown" ; like sorbus , eburo- seems to have referred to the colour of the berries; it is also recorded as a Gaulish name for the yew which also has red berries , see also Eburodunum disambiguation.
The Welsh name criafol refers to the tree as "lamenting fruit", associating the red fruit with the blood of Christ, as Welsh tradition believed the Cross was carved from the wood of this tree.
Rowans are mostly small deciduous trees 10—20 m tall, though a few are shrubs. Rowans are unrelated to the true ash trees of the genus Fraxinus , family Oleaceae.
Though their leaves are superficially similar, those of Sorbus are alternate, while those of Fraxinus are opposite. A terminal leaflet is always present.
The fruit are soft and juicy, which makes them a very good food for birds , particularly waxwings and thrushes , which then distribute the rowan seeds in their droppings.
Rowan is used as a food plant by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species; see Lepidoptera that feed on Sorbus.
The best-known species is the European rowan Sorbus aucuparia , a small tree typically 4—12 m tall growing in a variety of habitats throughout northern Europe and in mountains in southern Europe and southwest Asia.
Its berries are a favourite food for many birds and are a traditional wild-collected food in Britain and Scandinavia.
Several of the Asian species are widely cultivated as ornamental trees. North American native species in the subgenus Sorbus Sorbus include the American mountain-ash Sorbus americana and Showy mountain-ash Sorbus decora in the east and Sitka mountain-ash Sorbus sitchensis in the west.
Numerous hybrids , mostly behaving as true species reproducing by apomixis , occur between rowans and whitebeams ; these are variably intermediate between their parents but generally more resemble whitebeams and are usually grouped with them q.
Rowans are excellent small ornamental trees for parks , gardens and wildlife areas. Several of the Chinese species, such as White-fruited rowan Sorbus glabrescens are popular for their unusual fruit colour, and Sargent's rowan Sorbus sargentiana for its exceptionally large clusters of fruit.
Numerous cultivars have also been selected for garden use, several of them, such as the yellow-fruited Sorbus 'Joseph Rock', of hybrid origin.
The wood is dense and used for carving and turning and for tool handles and walking sticks. The fruit of European rowan Sorbus aucuparia can be made into a slightly bitter jelly which in Britain is traditionally eaten as an accompaniment to game , and into jams and other preserves, on their own, or with other fruit.
The fruit can also be a substitute for coffee beans, and has many uses in alcoholic beverages: In Austria a clear rowan schnapps is distilled which is called by its German name Vogelbeerschnaps.
Rowan cultivars with superior fruit for human food use are available but not common; mostly the fruits are gathered from wild trees growing on public lands.
Rowan fruit contains sorbic acid , an acid that takes its name from the Latin name of the genus Sorbus. The raw fruit also contain parasorbic acid about 0.
Luckily, they are also usually too astringent to be palatable when raw. Collecting them after first frost or putting in the freezer cuts down on the bitter taste as well.
The European rowan Sorbus aucuparia has a long tradition in European mythology and folklore. It was thought to be a magical tree and give protection against malevolent beings.
British folklorists of the Victorian era reported the folk belief in apotropaic powers of the rowan-tree, in particular in the warding off of witches.
Such a rowan is called a "flying rowan" and was thought of as especially potent against witches and black magic , and as a counter-charm against sorcery.
For example, according to Thomas Keightley mortals could safely witness fairy rades mounted processions held by the fairies each year at the onset of summer by placing a rowan branch over their doors.
In Norse mythology , the goddess Sif is the wife of the thunder god Thor. Sif has been linked with Ravdna , the consort of the Sami thunder-god Horagalles.
Red berries of rowan were holy to Ravdna, and the name Ravdna resembles North Germanic words for the tree for example, Old Norse reynir. It has been theorized that Sif was once conceived in the form of a rowan to which Thor clung.
In Neo-Druidism , the rowan is known as the "portal tree". It is considered the threshold, between this world and otherworld, or between here and where ever you may be going, for example, it was placed at the gate to a property, signifying the crossing of the threshold between the path or street and the property of someone.
Rowan is a portal, threshold tree offering you the chance of 'going somewhere In Newfoundland , popular folklore maintains that a heavy crop of fruit means a hard or difficult winter.
Similarly, in Finland and Sweden, the number of fruit on the trees was used as a predictor of the snow cover during winter , but here the belief was that the rowan "will not bear a heavy load of fruit and a heavy load of snow in the same year", that is, a heavy fruit crop predicted a winter with little snow.
However, as fruit production for a given summer is related to weather conditions the previous summer , with warm, dry summers increasing the amount of stored sugars available for subsequent flower and fruit production, it has no predictive relationship to the weather of the next winter.
In Malax , Finland the reverse was thought. In Sweden, it was also thought that if the rowan trees grew pale and lost color, the fall and winter would bring much illness.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other similarly-named trees, see Mountain ash. For the racehorse, see Quicken Tree horse.
The binomial name Sorbus aucuparia is composed of the Latin words sorbus for service tree and aucuparia , which derives from the words avis for "bird" and capere for "catching" and describes the use of the fruit of S.
The species is unrelated to the true ash trees genus Fraxinus , which also carry pinnate leaves or the species Eucalyptus regnans , also called mountain ash, native to Tasmania and Victoria in southeastern Australia.
The compound leaves are pinnate with 4 to 9 pairs of leaflets on either side of a terete central vein and with a terminal leaflet. Young leaflets smell like marzipan when brayed.
The sepals persist as a black, five-pointed star on the ripe fruit. Sorbus aucuparia is found in five subspecies: Sorbus aucuparia is an undemanding species and can withstand shade.
Sorbus aucuparia is pollinated by bees and flies. It is usually later superseded by larger forest trees. Other species of the genus Sorbus easily hybridize with S.
The main pests for S. The snail Helix aspersa feeds on the leaves. To humans, the fruit are bitter, astringent , laxative, diuretic, cholagogue , prevent scurvy , and the parasorbic acid irritates the gastric mucosa.
Fresh fruit are usually unpalatable, but they can be debittered and made into compote, jelly, jam, a tangy syrup, a tart chutney, or juice, as well as wine and liqueur, or used for tea or to make flour.
An edible variety, named Sorbus aucuparia var. Two widespread cultivars of the Moravian variety are 'Konzentra' and 'Rosina', which were selected beginning in by the Institut für Gartenbau Dresden-Pillnitz, an agricultural research institute in Saxony , from 75 specimen found mostly in the Ore Mountains , and made available in Russian botanist Ivan Vladimirovich Michurin began in to crossbreed common S.
His experiments resulted in the cultivars 'Burka', 'Likjornaja', 'Dessertnaja', 'Granatnaja', 'Rubinovaja', and 'Titan'. The leaves were fermented with leaves of sweet gale and oak bark to create herb beer.
In almost treeless regions it is used as firewood. Sorbus aucuparia is planted in mountain ranges to fortify landslides and avalanche zones.
In English folklore , twigs of S. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.